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Directory:Alternative Fuels

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Alternative Fuels

Technologies for Green Gas

Methods for producing non-fossil-fuel-derived, burnable fuel that will work in existing vehicles.

Index of fuels that pose a viable alternative to petrol.



  • Gas Pressure to Green Energy - Langson Energy converts pressure to power utilizing their Gas Letdown GeneratorTM. Helical screw technology overcomes the high capital and operating costs of turbo-expanders and allows for contaminants and impurities to be directly handled through this Total Flow GeneratorTM. Gas pressure reduction stations where energy presently is not being utilized can now make Green Energy from Pressure. Base load green energy from pressure is available today with the Langson Gas Letdown GeneratorTM.
  • Fuel Efficiency / Alt Fuels / Trends >
    Honda: Racing Against Time - In their Dream the Impossible promotional video series (advertised on our site), Honda talks about the "racing spirit" and how it brings out the best in people to accomplish phenomenal things. The ultimate race, they point out, is to find an alternative to oil for propelling our transportation -- long before we run out of oil. (Honda; July, 2010)
  • How Many Miles to the Bushel? - The May issue of Popular Mechanics compares fuel costs for various types of fuels. Coast-to-coast drive would be $60 for coal (electricity); $110 for natural gas; $213 for gasoline; $231 for biodiesel; $425 for E85/ethanol; $619 for M85/methanol; $804 for hydrogen. (NYTimes; May 27, 2006)

Alternative Fuels

  • Making Algae Biodiesel at Home The only eBook of it's kind anywhere. This eBook takes you by the hand and steps you through the often complicated process of making algae biodiesel. This eBook is for anyone serious in pursuit of obtaining the knowledge necessary for algae production.

Making Algae Photobioreactors at Home A free download with step-by-step instructions on making an algae test bioreactor. You can easily test 10 different algal strains, or 10 different variables at the same time.

  • Biomass / Oil / Plastic >
    Bacteria Make Oil from Biomass - A Georgia company has announced that they have devised a simple, natural way to convert anything that grows out of the Earth into oil. The inventor's formula is simple. Basically, biomass (such as grass clippings or wood chips) plus the right bacteria equals hydrocarbons, which make not just fuel but plastics and other petroleum products. (PESWiki; May 10, 2008)
  • GeoGas Development Corporation - The GeoGas™ process converts otherwise unusable natural gas from capped abandoned wells into gasoline, diesel fuel or jet fuel. Conversion units (fully transportable as a semi-trailer) are brought directly to the wellhead so there are no pipelines or huge processing plants.
  • LPP Combustion - Technology for Lean, Premixed, Prevaporized combustion of liquid fuels, to burn cleanly in natural gas-fired power turbines and other combustion devices. It converts liquid fuels such as kerosene, #2 fuel oil, coal liquids, ethanol, and biodiesel, into a synthetic natural gas, routed through the normal, natural gas piping and combustion system while producing low emissions similar to natural gas.
  • Could USSEC Revolutionize Biofuel? - U.S. Sustainable Energy Corp. (USSEC) biofuel reactor can produce 5 gallons of fuel from 1 bushel of soybeans -- 3x higher than biodiesel -- for less than $1 per gallon. The biofuel has a thermal value similar to petroleum diesel, remains liquid down to -90 degrees Fahrenheit, can be used at 100 percent in diesel engines and a 50/50 blend for gasoline engines without modifications. (The Energy Blog; January 30, 2007)
  • ReFuel America - Premium biofuels utilizing technology that allows more complete combustion, resulting in improved miles per gallon, decreased emissions and improved lubricity. The technology eliminates performance problems with E85, including loss of fuel efficiency vs. gasoline and cold start reliability issues. The B20 does not increase NOx like other biodiesel blends.
  • EcoEnergy Solutions - Features emulsified fuels containing various percentages of water to reduce both oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) pollution created during the combustion process. This technology extends to mobile and stationary diesel engines, industrial fuel oil boilers and residual oil for power generation.
  • A company who wishes to not be named yet, has a technology whereby they can take all carbon based material, such as waste, sewage, bio waste, municipal refuse, and turn it into methane and ethane at a cost of around $0.30 / gallon. Prototype conversion unit has worked for 9 months. (Source: Sterling D. Allan)
  • Changing World Technologies has a system that works, but mass production is costly (and smelly). See article
  • Mike Brown's Alternative Energy - Information on how to make alcohol or diesel fuel.
  • Hydrogen Car & Multi Fuel DVD teaches how to convert your car to run on alternate fuels or to hydrogen-boost your engine. Drive for 75 cents a gallon or less! See a 1991 Geo Metro that runs on hydrogen, natural gas (methane), gasoline, diesel, alcohol (with up to 20% water), turpines, propane and mixed fuels. Turpines are condensates recovered from heat destruction of organic material. Fruit peels, old peanuts or shells, nuts, cow manure, etc. are heated and the vapors are cooled until they condense producing cheap liquid fuel.


  • Featured: Alt. Fuels > Air Cars >
    Air Fuel Synthesis: Scientists Turn Fresh Air into Petrol - A British company has produced a "petrol from air" technology that they suppose is poised to solve the energy crisis while removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The very fact that the mainstream press is giving it wide coverage tells you that it is not likely to be transformational. (PESWiki; October 24, 2012)


Directory:Butanol - Butanol is compatible with gasoline. It uses the same air/fuel mixture and has the same energy content. It can be mixed with gasoline in any ratio in unmodified engines. Butanol can be produced at an estimated cost of 85 cents per gallon, and is a direct replacement for gasoline.


  • Directory:Ethanol - For modified gasoline engines (if over 30-50% ethanol mix). Ethanol requires a richer air/fuel mix than does gasoline (9-to-1 as opposed to 15-to-1)(timing change, usually done easily with the car's fuel monitoring system). Ethanol is rated at 105 octane. These factors may result in lower mileage using ethanol blended gasoline.Ethanol is corrosive to engine and fuel line parts only in pre-1984 vehicles. In a typical automobile engine, ethanol burns about 92% cleaner than gasoline, and 20-40 degrees(F) cooler.(see:
  • Alcohol as an Engine Fuel article
  • running on alcohol - Make your own ethanol fuel.
  • Join the Alcohol Fuel Movement - Help End the Oilygarchy!
  • Extreme Alternative Laboratories has developed an ethanol fuel enhancer to make ethanol more compatible with gasoline.
  • Power Energy Fuels Inc. has a patented catalytic process that converts any material containing carbon and hydrogen into higher mixed alcohols. Ecalene™ is a clean-burning fuel that can be used as a gasoline-blending additive, straight fuel, or blended with diesel.
  • Ethanol Car Beats Fuel Cells to Win European Eco-marathon - French High School students achieved the best fuel efficiency at the European Shell Eco-marathon, with an energy consumption equivalent to traveling 2,885 kilometers on a single liter of gasoline (6,788 mpg). (Environment News Service; May 22, 2006)
  • ABCesso Technology - AutoFFV™ has been designed to convert gasoline only vehicles to full Flexible Fuel Vehicles (FFV’s) capable of automatically running on any mixture of gasoline or ethanol. There is no fuel selection or switch required since the system determines the correct timing for the fuel mix (E85 or lower or all gasoline) and automatically adjusts the injection system accordingly.


  • Alt Fuels > Ammonia >
    The power to move... out of thin air (link fixed) - John Fleming of Texas Tech U. has invented a $200 electrolyzer that he uses to generate hydrogen from water, which he combines with nitrogen from air, to make ammonia using a compression and decompression system. Ammonia is an energy-dense fuel which can power a smaller engine compared to conventional. He claims 76% efficiency on the electrolyzer and a final fuel cost of $1.00 per gallon! (NZ Herald; December 11, 2010)
  • Closed Loop Ammonia Turbine - The return of Tesla's solar (and other low heat input) design for home and commercial power systems using inexpensive technology discarded last century due to then cheap oil prices.
  • The Ammonia Economy - Ammonia can be doped by environmentally friendly chemical additives, and thus be compatible in high-speed engines. Ammonia is already compatible in other energy devices, such as low-speed engines and fuel cells. It is an abundantly produced chemical used in industry and agriculture. Ammoniated fuel will power an engine or burner with very little modification. (The American Society of Mechanical Engineers; July 10, 2003)


  • Stirling Engines / Alternative_Fuels >
    Dean Kamen developing eco hybrid that will run on anything that burns - Dean Kamen – the multimillionaire inventor behind the Segway – is well down the road in the development of a new bike that combines electric power and a radical stirling generator which will allow it to burn almost any fuel; and is part of a project that also includes a car designed around the same technology. (GizMag; June 28, 2009)


  • Syntroleum Bio-Synfining™ process - This flexible feed, flexible synthetic fuel technology is able to take a wide variety of renewable feedstocks such as natural gas, vegetable oils, fats, and greases; and turn them into liquid hydrocarbons including diesel and jet fuels. (PESWiki; June 24, 2008)
  • NRG Naturally Renewable Group - ESTERHOL™ is a clean burning alternative fuel that is produced from readily available renewable resources, such as vegetable oils. It mixes readily with petroleum diesel at any blend level, provides significant cost advantages over bio-diesel and exceeds all current emission standards.
  • BGT Biogasoline - Ferments sugars (from corn or cellulosic products) into butyric acid which is then converted into hexane or heptanone, hydrocarbons which can substitute or be mixed with traditional gasoline. These biogasolines can be used in any standard gasoline engine because the properties match traditional gasoline from petroleum. They have 40% more energy (BTU) per gallon than ethanol.
  • Yugo runs on gas from wood - Anton Peterka's '85 Yugo 45 runs on wood and coal, based on 125-year-old technology. Incomplete combustion of wood/coal due to lack of air creates, among other things, hydrogen and methane, which fuel the car.
  • Kwikpower - Engas engineered alternative fuel can be made from biomass production from cellulosic waste or biomass crops. ENGAS requires no engine modifications, or specialised infrastructure or fuel dispensing reconstruction costs.
  • Peat grows as new fuel source - Researchers have identified a cheaper and more Earth-friendly fuel source: peat, that half-rotted vegetation that covers a considerable chunk of Michigan. They are working to develop what they call "pethanol" to run small, fuel-cell-powered vehicles. Peat forms naturally, is cheap to harvest and requires no fertilization. (The Detroit News; December 26, 2006)



See also these separate index pages
- Directory:Biodiesel
- Directory:Biodiesel from Algae Oil
- Directory:Diesel

Image:Circle_Biodiesel_Ethanol_95x95.jpg Image:Mcgyanprocess95x95.jpg Image:Make-biodiesel.jpg Image:Green Power Inc diesel product 95x95.jpg Image:DieselSecrets 95x95.jpg Image:Algae_collage_Biodiesel_txt_95x95.jpg

  • Directory:Biodiesel_from_Algae_Oil - Some species of algae are ideally suited to biodiesel production due to their high oil content (some well over 50% oil), and extremely fast growth rates. Algae farms would let us supply enough biodiesel to completely replace petroleum as a transportation fuel in the US.

Carbon Dioxide

vanzari autoand dezmembrari masini

Clean Diesel

See Directory:Diesel

  • Breakthrough Low-Emission Diesel Technology - Our Low-Emission Diesel Blend is One Instant Alternative to Cheaply Cut NOx, PM & other GHGs Simultaneously. By Merely Changing The Fuel to Our "Reformulated Green Diesel", There Won't Be Any Need For Retrofits, Repowering or Changing Your Engines.
  • Biofuel from Saltwater Plants - A NASA scientist is confident that within five years commercial aircraft could be powered by biofuel derived from saltwater plants, or halophytes, grown in desert areas and irrigated using sea water. Suitable areas for cultivating halophytes include the Sahara desert, Western Australia, south-west USA, and parts of the Middle East. (TreeHugger; January 17, 2007)
  • Sorganol Biofuel - Sorganol® is ethanol made from sweet sorghum. Sweet Sorghum may be the best alternative fuel crop to grow in the continental United States for the production of ethanol. It converts sunlight directly into sugars, eliminating the costly starch to sugar process. These sugars are converted into ethanol at nearly zero fossil fuel inputs.
  • A New Biofuel: Propane - MIT researchers have developed an efficient chemical process for making propane from corn or sugarcane, and are incorporating C3 BioEnergy to commercialize the biopropane process. Propane, which is currently made from petroleum, has a higher energy density than ethanol, and although it is often used in its gaseous form, it's the cleanest-burning liquid fuel. (MIT Technology Review; Apr. 19, 2007)

Coal-to-Liquids (Coal Liquefaction)

  • Airlines push for homegrown jet fuel - The airline industry is aggressively pushing for homegrown alternatives to petroleum-based jet fuel. A coalition that includes the Federal Aviation Administration, airline, manufacturing and airport associations wants standards for a 50 percent synthetic jet fuel approved by the end of 2008. (PhysOrg; August 15, 2008)
  • Methanol-to-Gasoline (MTG) for Coal-to-Liquids Project - DKRW Advanced Fuels has selected ExxonMobil's methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) technology as part of DKRW’s coal to liquids (CTL) project in Medicine Bow, WY. The project will gasify the coal, convert the synthetic gas to methanol, and then convert the methanol to gasoline via the MTG process. (Green Car Congress; Dec. 17, 2007)
  • Global Energy - Gasification can convert carbon-containing materials into a synthetic gas that can fuel gas turbines or produce synthetic natural gas, transportation fuels (high purity gasoline, diesel and jet fuel) and hydrogen. Solid hydrocarbons utilized in gasification may include coal, petroleum coke and renewables.
  • Coal-to-Diesel Breakthrough Could Cut Oil Imports - Researchers have developed a way to convert carbon sources such as coal to diesel fuel, to revamp the Fischer-Tropsch (FT) process invented in 1920. The breakthrough technology employs a pair of catalytic chemical reactions that operate in tandem, one of which captured the 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. (Rutgers University)
  • Sasol (South Africa) - Sasol's acumen and commercial experience in coal-to-liquids and gas-to-liquids technology is increasingly being recognised and sought after worldwide.
  • Rentech - One of the world's leading developers of Fischer-Tropsch coal-to-liquids and gas-to-liquids technologies, providing clean energy solutions to accommodate our nations growing energy needs.
  • Ultra Clean Fuels - Developing clean and efficient liquid fuels from coal, America's most abundant energy source.
  • Syntroleum - Converting just 5 percent of the U.S. coal reserves to Fisher-Tropsch fuels would equate to the existing U.S. crude reserves of 29 billion barrels. We could virtually double our nation’s domestic motor fuel supply without drilling a single a well or building a new refinery.
    • Bio-Synfining™ - Able to use a wide variety of renewable feedstocks such as vegetable oils, fats, and greases, Syntroleum’s Bio-Synfining™ process is truly a "flexible feed, flexible synthetic fuel" technology.
  • Alternative Fuel Not Hard to Find - Article - Currently, the South African energy company SASOL converts coal into gasoline at prices competitive with crude oil at $35 to $50 per barrel, but some studies suggest the conversion could be made at even lower cost.
  • Pentagon Plans Major Alternative Fuel Buys - Article
  • Legislation promotes alternative fuel production - Article - Rep. John Shimkus, R-Ill., introduced HR 5453 that would extend the alternative fuel tax credit for liquid fuel made from coal.
  • Breakthrough Turns Coal Into Clean Diesel - Researchers say they have developed a way to shuffle the carbon atoms derived from cheap fuel sources like coal to form more desirable combinations, such as ethane gas and diesel fuel. The synthetic diesel "is much cleaner burning than conventional diesel, even cleaner burning than gasoline," said Rutgers University chemist Alan Goldman. (National Geographic News; April 18, 2006)
  • Silverado Green Fuel - Development of an environmentally friendly low cost oil substitute produced from Low Rank Coal, that can be used in oil-fired boilers and integrated gasification combined cycle power plants. Following hydrothermal treatment, the upgraded Low Rank Coal is mixed with water to make Low-Rank Coal-Water Fuel (Green Fuel). This stable liquid fuel is non-hazardous and can use existing oil infrastructure for handling, storage and transportation.
  • Liquid coal fuel for $15 a barrel - Silverado Green Fuel can produce a liquid fuel for industrial boilers for $15 a barrel, and barrels of "oil" for car fuel that will cost about $25 a barrel, half of what conventional oil costs today. The fuel also burns fairly cleanly. The key to the process is that almost no one wants low-grade brown coal, which is about half water. (CNET News; Mar. 28, 2007)


  • Directory: Electric Vehicles - Why wait for Detroit when you can custom build an Electric Vehicle yourself. Remove the engine from a donor car and replace it with batteries and a refurbished forklift motor to create your own electric car.

Green Gasoline

  • TECTANE Corp. (U.S.A.) will be offering TECTANE Gas Stations with inexpensive 75 octane straight cut gasoline. This can be a savings of up to 25%. This is the first stream of what is known as natural gasoline from oil cracking. It is the cleanest of gasoline refining. No chemicals such as lead or MTBE have been added to raise octane. Their water injection system changes the rate of burn to boost the octane.


  • Alt. Fuels >
    Breakthrough promises $1.50 per gallon synthetic gasoline with no carbon emissions - UK-based Cella Energy has developed a synthetic fuel that is hydrogen based and produces no carbon emissions when burned; and could possibly be used in existing ICE engines without engine modification. The technology is based on complex hydrides, and has been developed over a four year top secret program at the prestigious Rutherford Appleton Laboratory near Oxford. (Gizmag; January 26, 2011)


  • Hythane - Patented 20% hydrogen mix by volume with Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), alleged to be able to bridge the gap between the fossil-fueled present and the hydrogen future.


  • MagneGas Plasma Arc Flow Reactors - MagneGas Technology has been developed to process liquid wastes into a clean burning fuel known as magnegas, plus heat and other usable byproducts, said processing occurring without noise, liquid, gaseous or other pollutions. New discoveries of science involved.


  • Gas Pressure to Green Energy - Langson Energy converts pressure to power utilizing their Gas Letdown Generator. Helical screw technology overcomes the high capital and operating costs of turbo-expanders and allows for contaminants and impurities to be directly handled through this total flow generator. Gas pressure reduction stations where energy presently is not being utilized can now make Green Energy from Pressure. Base load green energy from pressure is available today with the Langson Gas Letdown Generator.
  • Got Manure? These Trucks Run on It - Hilarides Dairy will use manure produced by 10,000 cows to generate 226,000 cubic feet of biomethane daily — enough to reduce the Central Valley farm's diesel fuel consumption by 650 gallons a day. Biomethane is the only vehicle fuel that is carbon negative." (YouTube) (Wired; Feb, 19, 2009)
  • Prometheus Energy - Capturing methane from waste or low-quality sources close to where it is used and converting it into liquid natural gas, LNG. With a unique integration of basic technologies, this clean burning and safe alternative fuel can be sold at prices lower than traditional fuels such as diesel, propane, and gasoline.
  • New natural gas dehydration approach - The Vaperma, EnCana and SDTC Advanced Natural Gas Dehydration Project could significantly reduce emissions and energy consumption compared to traditional natural gas processing. Siftek™ uses a hollow-fiber polymer membrane to dehydrate NG and dewater ethanol. (Inside Greentech; Feb. 27, 2007)
  • Carbon sponge stores methane fuel - Researchers have developed a method to convert corncob waste into a carbon "sponge" with nanoscale pores. It can store 180 times its own volume and at one seventh the pressure of conventional natural gas tanks, ideal for next-generation methane-powered automobiles. (Physorg; Feb. 16, 2007)
  • E.ON to feed biogas into natural gas grid - German energy giant E.ON AG has created E.ON Bioerdgas, a company dedicated to feeding biogas into Europe's natural gas network. Biogas is obtained by the anaerobic fermentation of biomass. Scrubbing out the carbon-monoxide obtains a gas with a methane content similar to that of natural gas. (Biopact; Feb. 10, 2007)
  • LPG program for highway trucks - Westport Innovations liquefied natural gas (LNG) system for heavy-duty trucks reduces emissions while maintaining power and efficiency equal to a diesel powered truck. The average price for natural gas is up to 25% less per gallon than diesel which could deliver annual fuel savings of over $100,000 per truck per year. (AutoblogGreen; Feb. 6, 2007)
  • Cheaper Natural Gas from Coal - Great Point Energy compresses the coal-to-methane process into one single, efficient reactor by moving the catalysts into the gasifier itself. At less than $3 per million BTUs, its process is cheaper and more reliable than drilling for new natural gas or importing liquefied natural gas. Byproduct CO2 is sold to aging oil fields to enhance recovery. (MIT Technology Review; January 30, 2007)
  • QuestAir Makes First Sale into European Biogas Market - QuestAir Technologies has received an order for a pressure swing adsorption system to recover pipeline grade methane from biogas generated by the anaerobic digestion of organic wastes. There is growing interest across the EU in the use of renewable methane to replace imported natural gas and CNG transportation fuel. (Green Car Congress; January 24, 2007)
  • Gas - 10 Cents per GALLON - YES!!! - Article at - This gas is methane, a pure, clean, high powered gas which every country has in great abundance and is all but inexhaustible. Methane can be obtained from 'digesting' chicken and pig manure in a 'digester' adapted from a discarded hot water tank, and which will run your car with no other modification than to get the methane to the engine. Indeed, the car is started on gasoline, and once running, is switched over to methane. Volvo Bi-Fuel cars are powered by methane and petrol.
  • Methane Digesters - Article at
  • Gas Reaction Technologies - GRT is commercializing a new, low-cost, direct process for converting natural gas into liquid fuels and chemicals. Applicable to stranded gas fields and offshore platforms, the technology will appeal to oil & gas companies seeking to convert low value natural gas into higher value products. The environmental benefits of GRT's process include the elimination of gas flaring and the production of no-sulfur fuel (gasoline, jet fuel).

Microwave Extraction

  • Directory:Microwave-based Oil Extraction - Methods of using microwave frequencies to extract oil and gas in seconds from shale, coal, and tar sands. The microwaves are tuned to an optimum frequency to separate the component parts which can be burned or condensed into liquid fuel, using only a small portion of the energy produced.


  • Biomass / Plastic >
    Plastic and Fuel That Grow On Trees - Chemists have learned how to convert plant biomass directly into a chemical building block that can be used to produce not only fuel, but also plastics, polyester, and industrial chemicals, cheaply and efficiently. (GizMag; May 20, 2009)
  • Photosynthesis Imitation >
    Turning Sunlight Into Liquid Fuel - Researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory are now in the process of a major breakthrough towards artificial photosynthesis, banking on cobalt oxide that can effectively carry out the crucial photosynthetic reaction of splitting water molecules to develop fuels. (Alt. Energy; Mar. 17, 2009)

Sea Water

  • US Navy Tries To Turn Seawater Into Jet Fuel - Navy chemists have processed seawater into unsaturated short-chain hydrocarbons that with further refining could be made into kerosene-based jet fuel. The process involves extracting carbon dioxide dissolved in the water and combining it with hydrogen to make a hydrocarbon fuel. (New Scientist; Aug. 18, 2009)

Vegetable Oil

For modified diesel engines.

As a fuel supplement for gasoline engines. Adding ignition enhancers may give better results.

Water as Fuel

See Directory:Water as Fuel - separate index page

Research and Development

  • Alt Fuels / Microorganisms > Used in Fuel Production >
    Bacteria could make car fuel from thin air - An enzyme produced by a common soil bacterium may help produce usable automobile fuel from a vehicle's own exhaust pipe, according to a study conducted by researchers from the University of California and the California Institute of Technology. When deprived of nitrogen and oxygen but supplied with carbon monoxide, vanadium nitrogenase produces two-to-three-atom carbon chains of ethane and propane.... (Natural News; November 26, 2010)
  • Bacteria Make Better Alcohol Fuels - By engineering the metabolic process of the common E. coli bacteria, researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), have coaxed the microorganism into churning out useful long-chain alcohols that have potential as new biofuels. (Technology Review; Dec, 9, 2008)
  • Furan-Based Biofuel - Avantium successfully completed an engine test to demonstrate the potential of its furan-based biofuels, or “furanics". The second generation biofuels have a higher energy density than ethanol and are not soluble in water. (Green Car Congress; Oct. 26, 2007)
  • Ethanol, schmethanol - The energy in a litre of ethanol is a third less than petrol and it absorbs water resulting in corrosion that can wreck an engine's seals in a couple of years. Codexis is engineering enzymes to make biopetrol molecules more chemically similar to petrol. Synthetic Genomics is developing microbes designed to produce better liquid biofuels. (The Economist; Sep. 27, 2007)
  • Engineers Develop Higher-energy Liquid-transportation Fuel From Sugar - University of Wisconsin-Madison chemical and biological engineering Professor James Dumesic and his research team describe a two-stage process for turning biomass-derived sugar into 2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF), a liquid transportation fuel with 40 percent greater energy density than ethanol. (Science Daily; June 20, 2007)
  • Kicking the Oil Habit with Sugar - Scientists have discovered a way to convert glucose into HFM (hydroxymethylfurfural), a chemical that is broken down into components used to manufacture products now made from oil. It may lead to a method of replacing crude oil with an environmentally friendly, cheap renewable plant matter as the base component for fuels and plastic. (TreeHugger; Jun. 15, 2007)
  • H2CAR could fuel entire U.S. transportation sector - In a recent study, scientists have demonstrated that a hybrid system of hydrogen and carbon can produce a sufficient amount of liquid hydrocarbon fuels to power the entire U.S. transportation sector. Using biomass to produce the carbon, and solar energy to produce hydrogen, the process requires only a fraction of the land area needed by other proposed methods. (PhysOrg; Apr. 24, 2007)
  • Bio jet fuel breakthrough? - Diversified Energy has licensed a new biofuel technology from North Carolina State University, that can make high performance fuels from any renewable lipid-based oil compound, such as soybean, canola, animal fats or algae. Centia™, delivers a more advanced and complex hydrocarbon fuel, suitable for jet fuel, or as a biodiesel additive for cold-weather operations. (Inside Greentech; Feb. 13, 2007)
  • Sugar Researchers Consider Next Alternative Fuel - Amyris Biotechnologies hopes to make gasoline, diesel and jet fuel from sugar within 5 to 10 years. Scientists know how ethanol is made by adding sugar to yeast, but now they can re-program the microbes to make something closer to gasoline using technology known as "synthetic biology". (NewsMax; Jan. 30, 2007)
  • LS9, Inc. - Using synthetic biology, LS9 is developing biofuels designed to closely resemble petroleum derived fuels, but be renewable, clean, domestically produced, and cost competitive. Derived from diverse agricultural feedstocks, these high energy liquid fuels are compatible with current distribution and consumer infrastructure.
  • Building Better Biofuels - LS9 is using synthetic biology to engineer bacteria that can make hydrocarbons for gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. Hydrocarbon fuels are better suited than ethanol to existing delivery infrastructure and engines, and their manufacture would require less energy. Amyris and SunEthanol are also trying to use synthetic biology to produce biofuels. (MIT Technology Review; Jun. 6, 2007)
  • Ken Rumminger's Car -- Grease Lightning - "He has run the car for months on nothing but vegetable grease."
  • Aquanol aqueous fuel is alcohol mixed with up to a 50% concentration of water. It is ignited by a catalytic plasma torch. By leaving some water in the alcohol, the cost of production is reduced and the engine runs cooler. Since the water's mass absorbs some of the thermal energy of the combustion process, less work is required of the cooling system, meaning greater power and fuel economy.
  • Honda's Home Energy Station - Home hydrogen refueling for fuel cell cars.
  • - Convert Your Car to Run on Water - Plans and Instructions from anonymous source.
  • The Daniel Dingel Watercar Project
  • Inventor, 82, gets 20 years for ‘estafa’ - Daniel Dingel, 82-year-old inventor of a “water-powered car,” has been convicted of “estafa” [swindling] and sentenced to a maximum of 20 years imprisonment by the Parañaque City Regional Trial Court. (Inquirer; Dec. 20, 2008)
  • Hydrogen from Water using Boron - Chemical process allows for rapid liberation of hydrogen from water. The resulting boron oxide can then be regenerated to boron using renewable energy. Does require distribution infrastructure.
  • Oil from Shale for $25 a barrel - Israeli engineering firm A.F.S.K. Hom Tov has a process that uses oil shale as a catalyst to extract combustible organic material from the residual bitumen byproduct of crude oil refineries. The end product can be refined into high-grade petroleum for $25 a barrel and additional natural gas is produced which would boost the financial feasibility. They hope to be in full-scale production by 2010 or 2011. ISRAEL21c; Jan. 14, 2007)

Promoting Alternative Fuels

  • Alternative Fuels and Vehicles National Conference and Expo - Orlando, Florida, April 19-22, 2009, AF&V 2009 showcases non-petroleum options including natural gas, ethanol, biodiesel, propane, electricity, and hydrogen, and their companion vehicles. The conference embraces advanced technologies that result in fuel efficiency, petroleum displacement and emissions improvements.
  • Freedom Fuels - Takes an in-depth look at renewable fuel sources, such as bio-diesel, ethanol and vegetable oil. It explores the interaction of the petroleum industry and alternative fuels over the last 150 years, and examines the global impact that bio-fuels can have on our future.
  • American Energy Security (.org) - Website developed to inform individuals, businesses, and policy makers about America's liquid fuels crisis and the tremendous challenges and opportunities ahead.

Locating Alternative Fuels

  • Gasfill - Fuelling your vehicle at home or work using the same gas that heats your home, office or factory, called Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), providing up to 60% lower fuel costs. Gasfill has developed a small slow fill compressor that can operate at any home, office or factory around the world and is ideal for car or light van users.

Energy Content

in Btu/US gallon

  1. . 64,000 Methanol
  2. . 84,000 Ethanol
  3. 105,000 Butanol
  4. 114,000 Gasoline
  5. 120,000 Biodiesel
  6. 130,000 Petrodiesel


In the News

See News:Alternative Fuels - moved to separate page

Skeptical / Down Sides

  • Alternative Fuels >
    Inventor, 82, gets 20 years for ‘estafa’ - Daniel Dingel, 82-year-old inventor of a “water-powered car,” has been convicted of “estafa” [swindling] and sentenced to a maximum of 20 years imprisonment by the Parañaque City Regional Trial Court. (Inquirer; Dec. 20, 2008)
  • Alternative Fuels Can Boost Pollution - A recent US study warns that some alternative fuels can cause more harmful greenhouse gas emissions than fossil fuels. Liquid coals is 80% more polluting. Ethanol can be more polluting, depending on how it is produced. Biofuels are usually cleaner. (Alternative Energy News; Nov. 22, 2007)


  • Alternative Fuels - A visual directory of alternative fuel websites. (

Related Sites

  • Carbon dating - Beta Analytic has been in the radiocarbon dating industry for decades and is trusted worldwide by more than 9,500 researchers, universities, companies, and government agencies. It is ISO 17025 accredited.
  • CoolFuel RoadTrip - An Australian TV crew make a road trip around the USA using only alternative fuels.
  • NGV Global - Natural Gas Vehicle information site
  • OBED Open Biofuel Engine Development - Collaborative development of modifications and techniques necessary to achieve reliable engine operation running biofurls. OBED is designed to provide useful information for developers, users and those interested in running biofuels.

See also

ALT FUELS (alphabetical sequence)







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