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Directory:Animal and Crop Waste to Energy

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A directory of technologies and resources relating to convering animal waste into energy.

Contents

Animal and Crop or Food Waste Energy

  • Waste to Energy > Food >
    American Food Groups turning to waste to energy - A contingent of American Foods Group is undertaking a multi-million dollar project that will make use of food processing waste in several different ways. From start to finish, they will be able to feed their new machine with about 100 tons of waste that will take about three weeks to run though the process to create a variety of products. (Alt Energy News; Feb. 25, 2010)
  • E3 Biofuels - Integrates three proven components into a single, closed loop system: an anaerobic digester that transforms animal wastes into biogas, an ethanol plant that operates on biogas from the digester and an on-site dairy/feedlot that uses the by-product of ethanol production (wet distiller grains) as the primary feed for the cattle.
  • Researchers convert farm waste to bio-oil - Samy Sadaka reached into a garbage bag, picked up a mixture of cow manure and corn stalks, let it run through his fingers. That mix of manure and corn stalks had spent 27 days breaking down in a special drying process. The end result looked like brown yard mulch with lots of thin fibers. (PhysOrg; July 28, 2006)

Animal Waste to Energy

  • Biofuels / Waste to Energy > Animal >
    Forget Wave Power, Google and Others May Use Poo Power for Data Centers - Hewlett Packard has released a research paper that states that tech companies like themselves, Google and Microsoft could benefit from a partnership with dairy farmers, using the cattle waste for fuel. The research paper says that the dairy farmers could rent out land and power to the tech companies with a return on investment in waste-to-fuel systems in two years, making it a great arrangement for the farmers too. (EcoGeek; May 19, 2010)
  • Alt. Fuel > Natural Gas >
    Could Cowpower Replace Horsepower On The Rally Circuit? - Cow manure is a leading contributor of nitrous oxide and ammonia into the atmosphere, adding heartily to global warming. Cars provide their own fair share of noxious fumes. But a British team of engineers and racers is working on a way to kill two birds with one stone by developing a race car that can run on cow manure. (Gas 2.0; Oct. 13, 2009)
  • Plastic and Energy >
    Bio-plastics from animal protein waste - A new process, developed over two years by University of Waikato chemical engineers can turn animal protein waste like blood meal and feathers into a biodegradable plastic using industry-standard plastic extrusion and injection moulding machinery. (Science Alert; May 27, 2008)
  • Integrated Manure Utilization System (IMUS) extracts methane from raw solid feedlot manure to fuel electrical generators that will produce one megawatt (one million watts) of electricity and has capacity to scale up to produce about three megawatts, typically that's enough power to supply electricity to a town of more than 5,000 people. The pilot plant opened in 2005 near Vegreville generates a considerable amount of electricity. The technology has been licensed to Highmark Renewables
  • Wasted Energy - A look at companies that are converting fecal waste from cows, horses, pigs and other livestock into energy. (Renewable Energy Access; Nov. 26, 27, 2007)
  • The fuel of the future? Say 'cheese' - Wisconsin entrepreneur Joe Van Groll's company, Grand Meadow Energy LLC, produces both ethanol and bio-diesel from waste from surrounding cheese plants and raw canola oil from a nearby farm. (FDL Reporter; Nov. 4, 2007)
  • Zoo Poo to Energy (video) - Through a machine-container-bacteria-based process called Aenerobic digestion, manure collected from around a zoo can be turned into methane (natural gas), which can be used to run generators to make electricity. (GoGoEco via YouTube; May 25, 2009)
  • GHD Inc. Turns Manure Into Power - Agricultural waste is shoveled into underground anaerobic tank where the combination of heat and bacteria break it down into methane gas that is converted into electricity, solids that are used for bedding and soil enrichment and liquid nutrient that is used on crops.
  • Hansen Energy Harnesses the Power of Poop - Utah State University professor's prototype now ready for industry. Uses bacteria to break down waste; resulting methane gas is burned for electricity. 4,400 pigs put out 80 kW. See end of article about "biodiesel" process from hog waste.
  • New Energy Solutions - has received grant to design and build a system to turn animal waste into hydrogen.
  • Green Power from Chicken Litter - Gas Technology Institute has successfully demonstrated that chicken litter can be gasified to produce hydrogen and generate electricity using a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). Fertilizer also produced. (PhysOrg; July 15, 2005)
  • Dairy starts milking manure for energy - Manure-powered generator in California turns cow waste into methane gas in 20 days to fuel daily operations at the dairy while reducing air and ground pollution. (San Bernardino Sun; Nov. 17, 2004)
  • Waste to Energy Gets Kudos from Pork Industry - Three major integrated manure management systems are paving the way for waste management in Western Canada by turning manure into usable by-products, such as methane, biogas and thermal energy. (Renewable Energy Access; Jan. 27, 2005)
  • BSE Cows to Energy - SembCorp Utilities of UK has been given permission to process 100,000 tonnes of tallow per year for the generation of electricity. (BBC; Aug. 13, 2004) [Not an earth-friendly solution.]

Extreme: Human Carcasses

Crop Waste to Energy

  • Powering Villages from Rice Husks - Charles "Chip" Ransler and Manoj Sinha, two students from the University of Virginia's Darden School of Business, recently startedHusk Power Systems a business that supplies electricity to rural villages in India by gasifying the rice husks that are a waste product of rice milling. (Renewable Energy World; May 19, 2008)
    • What To Do With All This Waste? Part 2 - A look at companies that are converting fecal waste from cows, horses, pigs and other livestock into energy. (Renewable Energy Access; Nov. 26, 27, 2007)
  • Agripulp Unlimited - Promotes the use of agricultural fibres for small-scale pulp and paper mills located in farming communities using Arbokem's energy-efficient and ecologically-sound pulping technology. The process includes co-manufacturing of bioenergy, producing its own steam and power to run the plant. Chemicals leftover from the pulping process are returned to the soil as fertilizer for the crops.
  • JF BioEnergy Inc - self-powered waste processing plant refines organic waste down to three marketable fuel products: charcoal, bio-oil, and bio-gas; while maintaining "carbon dioxide-neutral" emissions.
  • Agricultural Feedstock Contributes to Renewable Energy - Intrepid Technology and Resources reports benefits of waste processing. Manure to gas, to heating fuel; digested fiber to bedding and soil amendment commodities; processed water for irrigation and to bring influent manure to proper consistency; emission credits, organic compost, and processing other organic wastes (cheese whey, animal renderings) to produce supplemental gas; reduced waste handling operations, economical gas to power on-site operations, reductions in odor and nutrient loadings in effluent water and solids. (Renewable Energy Access; Sept. 29, 2005)
  • Rivers of unwanted wine to turn into biofuel - European vehicles will be running on distilled French and Italian wine again this summer as the upcoming season's surplus production from European vineyards is turned into biofuel. (Edie News Center; June 8, 2006)
  • Biomax 15 - several residential prototypes being field tested. 30 lb. of wood can power a typical home for a day. (San Mateo County Times; April 8, 2004) See Google > Biomax 15
  • Bananas could power Aussie homes - At present, much of Australia's annual banana crop goes to waste, because the fruit are too bruised or small. Bill Clarke, from the University of Queensland, predicts that an excess banana-fuelled power plant could power 500 homes. No prototype, early theoretical. (BBC, Australia; Aug. 27, 2004)
  • Orange Peels to Methanol for Florida Fuel Cell - 10 KW fuel cell by ENER1 will use methanol created from Florida's two largest industries -- food waste from theme parks and orange peels from citrus processing. Prototype to power a rest area on an interstate highway. (Renewable Energy Access; March 28, 2005)

Humor


(Close to Home; July 25, 2005 With permission from John McPherson)

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