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Directory:Joseph Flynn's Parallel Path technology

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Resources related to Joseph Flynn's Parallel Path technology.

A motor built according to this design methodology is potentially 3.5 times more efficient than conventional motors, offers excellent torque, high power to weight ratios, and low manufacturing cost in volume production. All motor companies should evaluate this breakthrough technology for possible licensing.

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Official website

What is Parallel Path?

Image:Flynn flux core motor construction.gif

Joe Flynn's Parallel Path technology is based upon the confinement, manipulation, and direction of flux fields within a core. Parallel Path technology does not violate known laws of physics, and can be modelled with standard equations, in flux software such as Quickfield, without any problems.

However the magnet layout when switched with an energised coil, can typically deliver a tripling of magnetic force over comparable conventional technology, for the same electric input. Numerous practical applications exist for flux transfer technology. One of the most notable is high performance / efficiency electric motors.

In terms of understanding the practical operation of the layout, the important point is to note that when pulsed the coils are not creating a flux field that directly powers the device, as in conventional motor technology, rather varying the magnetic resistance of one leg of two adjacent flux paths.

It is this difference between creating a flux field with an electric pulse, a process which can only ever be less than 100% efficient, and switching the path of already existing flux fields, that is key to understanding the enhanced performance profile of Parallel Path systems.

Because the technology is patented, commercial production requires a manufacturing license from Joe Flynn. However, private not-for-profit educational experimentation is not only allowed, it is encouraged.


  • US Patent No. 6,246,561 (USPTO); issued June 12, 2001 - Methods for controlling the path of magnetic flux from a permanent magnet and devices incorporating the same.
Abstract : A permanent magnet device includes a permanent magnet having north and south pole faces with a first pole piece positioned adjacent one pole face thereof and a second pole piece positioned adjacent the other pole face thereof so as to create at least two potential magnetic flux paths. A first control coil is positioned along one flux path and a second control coil is positioned along the other flux path, each coil being connected to a control circuit for controlling the energization thereof. The control coils may be energized in a variety of ways to achieved desirable motive and static devices, including linear reciprocating devices, linear motion devices, rotary motion devices and power conversion.

Also see PatNo.5455474 added by boobtube713. Boobtube713 06:33, 22 July 2011 (PDT)

Parallel Path Replication Projects

Also see OS:Flynn_Parallel_Path_Magnet_Technology.

Michael Schuckel

Micheal Schuckel has successfully replicated several variations of Flynn's Parallel Path technology, and has worked with Joseph Flynn. He has agreed to provide a clear set of instructions of how to build the simple static device to illustrate the Parallel Path concept. This concept shows the static force increase of 3.5X what the electro magnets produce alone. The following are links to the related project pages and discussion group that goes with them.

Tim Harwood

  • Directory:Simple flux experiment For those doubting the ability of a central flux field in a core containing 3 flux fields, to have a disproportionate effect upon the magnetic force manifested in the arms of the core, this simple $10 5 min experiment was developed in the original Parallel Path egroup.

The following was posted here by Tim Harwood in Feb. 2005.

It should be stated that the generator configuration of flux cores has exotic custom switching requirements, not easily replicated, and therefore is NOT a recommended project. However the motor configuration, once an appropriate core has been cut, is much simpler.


I have several pictures of a successful replication of the flux motor, of which I have have selected one, cropped, and converted to a lower resolution, to obscure some of the technical features. I also posess the full test data, but this is not posted, out of respect for Joe's patented technology.

Replication is easier if you work on a smaller scale with weaker ceramic magnets. This science is independently repeatable to those skilled in the art. Any physics faculty should be able to build such a device without problems.

Quickfield flux modelling

This section is an invitation to undergrads with idle time to spare, to model some of the Flynn apparatus in the Quickfield magnetic software. This will help to guide / inform experimentation. It will also prove standard equations do indeed both model and predict Parallel Path magnetic flux behaviour. For open source alternatives, for 2-D see FEMM, for 3-D GMSH. Other freely downloadable 2D magnetics analysis programs include Maxwell SV and MagNet Trial Edition

Here is an example of the 6 pole PPMT motor modelled in FEMM 4.2



  • Parallel Path Magnetic Technology for High Efficiency Power Generators and Motor Drives (This is not a peer reviewed paper[1]). - Parallel Path Magnetic Technology (PPMT) is an advanced magnetic force control technology that is applicable to motors, rotary actuators, linear actuators, and generators. PPMT uses permanent magnets controlled with a field coil in parallel magnetic circuits. PPMT is a simple but revolutionary concept that has been demonstrated in a wide variety of prototype devices. PPMT devices allow the control of a given amount of magnetic flux for less energy input compared to a conventional device. PPMT devices are smaller, lighter, run cooler, and are more energy efficient than their conventional counterparts. (American Institute of Physics; STAIF 2006 Conference Proceedings -- January 20, 2006 -- Volume 813, pp. 1205-1212. doi:10.1063/1.2169303. This is not a peer reviewed paper[2])
  • Joe Flynn’s Parallel Path Magnetic Technology - Article by Tim Harwood, who ran the original replication project. Versions of the article were published in 2003 in Nexus magazine and New Energy Technologies magazine. (PESWiki; Feb. 21, 2006)
  • How Parallel Path Gets Over Unity - Paul Noel explains how Joe Flynn's Parallel Path device works and where the energy comes from. "What Joe Flynn has is a transistor (actually a pair) for a magnetic circuit." (PES Academy; March 7, 2006)
  • Detailed report with test data - This is a link to a detailed report on the principle Parallel Path test device. This young man was selected as one of the top 40 young scientist for 2006 for the his work with the principle Parallel path device. He also took 1st Place in Physics (March 2006). This test data confirms the 3.5x force increase.


In the News


(4:47 minutes)

(1:58 minutes)


  • Hilden-Brand Electromagnet Motor - Jack Hilden-Brand recently measured around 2x over-unity in his electromagnetic motor design, which closely resembles the Joseph Flynn parallel path concept.

Related Devices

Other devices that take advantage of "parallel path" designs:


Michael Schuckel, Flynn Parallel Path replication project director for PES Network.
email: <mschuckel {at}>

Terry Sisson, initially suggested the Flynn PPT to the New Energy Congress and New Energy Movement, as well as thoroughly studied and prepared a marketing program for the techology.
email: <itm {at}>

Discussion Lists


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